Based on an assessment of the Embassy of the Republic of Croatia and the Consulate General of Canada, the Croatian Catholic Mission, Census of Canada, and based on estimates of the Croatian community - it is believed that there are about 250,000 Croatian emigrants and their descendants in Canada.
Most Croats live in the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta, Quebec and Manitoba, and in the cities of Toronto, Mississauga, Vancouver, Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, etc.
According to the time and circumstances of emigration, Croatian diaspora can be divided into five generations:
- The first generation of Croatian immigrants, 6000-10000 Croats who arrived in Canada between 1890th and 1914th year from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
- The second generation, 15 000 Croats who arrived in Canada in the period between the two world wars.
- The third-generation Canadians of Croatian descent represent the second generation of children who are born and raised in Canada.
- The fourth generation of Croatians came from socialist Yugoslavia in the years immediately after World War II. Because of the strong self strongest Croatian identity, this generation of our emigrants is affirmed, and thus established a number of immigration organizations across Canada. Since the end of World War II until the 1975th in Canada has moved approximately 65,000 Croats.
- The fifth generation are children above immigrants and immigrants who arrived in Canada during the 90s.
Status of Croats in Canada
Croats in Canada have the same privileges and obligations like others in order to become Canadian citizens. Which means you have to spend three years before getting the ability to acquire Canadian citizenship. Croats who become Canadian citizens enjoy the same privileges and obligations of the federal and provincial governments that are equal citizens of Canada. Canada allows dual citizenship.
Croatian Association and the Catholic Mission
There are around 60 Croatian folklore groups organized independently or in related organizations, companies and Croatian parish. There are 19 Croatian Catholic parishes and missions. They have own church buildings purchased by Croatian immigrants. Parishes in Canada were established after World War II and in the last 40 years.
Croatian classes and programs for Croatian language
Croatian classes are integrated into the primary and secondary education, and it is largely in the province of Ontario and the Greater Toronto Area, Mississauga and Oakville and elsewhere. Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports supports teaching didactic materials and organizing seminars for professional development of teachers in Canada or in Croatia on a traditional summer seminar for teachers, members of the Croatian national minorities and immigrants.
The most important institution of higher education for teaching the Croatian language, literature, history and culture is the University of Waterloo. At the University, the Croatian language and culture can be studied full program of the Croatian language. Department was established in 1988th based on the contract between the Croatian community and the University of Waterloo.
Institutions of higher education established several programs for Croatian language:
Centre for Croatian Studies
- University of Waterloo, Ontario
Croatian Language and Literature, which are not under the jurisdiction of the MSES Croatia
- University of Toronto, Ontario
Publishing and Media
Well-known newspapers in the Croatian language, published in Canada:
- Hrvatski glasnik, Messenger of HSS, Naša nada, Zajedničar, Oluja, Matica Hrvatska
In Canada operates many Croatian radio stations:
- Croatian Radio Program Edmonton
- Croatian radio program 90.0 FM
- Croatian radio program CHIN FM 100.7
- Radio Home Guard
- Croatian Radio Information
- Croatian radio Vancouver, 1470 AM
- Croatian radio program Calgary 90.9 FM